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Are we set for electric cars? Questioning the environmental readiness of India
Roy P, , Dewani P P
Published in SSRN
Volume: 22
Issue: 2
Pages: 1 - 17
Electric Vehicles (EVs) have been proposed as a means to reduce the greenhouse emissions from the transportation sector. Despite the obvious benefits of zero tail pipe emissions, EVs have a wide variety of environmental effects which must be taken into calculation before a verdict can be passed on their effectively. The systems used to generate and run these EVs also play a part in determining the effect that they have on the environment and the market in which they are introduced. Studies, however, show that despite the emissions due to the electricity produced to run the EVs are still less than those due to burning fuel in Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. These studies use a Well-to-Wheel equation to determine the efficiency of each vehicle type. We argue that this method is over optimistic, provides only a general analysis, and is inadequate to answer questions about environmental feasibility for different energy source mixes used in different countries. We perform a country specific analysis for India. Additionally we provide a forecast, according to four hypothetical energy scenarios, as to when it would be environmentally feasible for India to introduce EVs into the market. We find that EVs can be used as a means to reduce greenhouse gasses only after the year 2035 in the energy scenario where carbon prices have begun to strongly effect energy decisions.
About the journal
JournalTransition Studies Review
Open AccessYes