As discussions surrounding the impending arrival of an "Indian National Defence University" gather pace with the draft Indian National Defence University Bill, 2015, the question of educating and training the future Indian military leadership hangs in the balance. The historical instances of military institutionalisation and the changing mandate and occupational profile of Indian military officership in the past decades have complicated the military educational policy framework. In addition to devoting attention to studying and recommending proposals for the smooth functioning of this space, there needs to be a more comprehensive analysis of the evolving conceptions that underlie officer education and "universities" today, and how this proposed "defence university" will emerge to meet institutional challenges. © 2018 Economic and Political Weekly. All rights reserved.