Mobile penetration in India has increased a many fold in the last decade. This phenomenon has significant potential in terms of policy framing and its implementation in various regions and segments in the country. Mobile penetration and its usage pattern can give important insights about the socioeconomic condition of that region. Government functionaries can utilize the socio-economic condition of the region to offer different services and schemes. Mobile penetration can help government functionaries in terms of enhanced service delivery and efficiency. It also has the potential to bring transparency in their operation by tracking the usage through mobile applications. The monitoring capability provided by mobile penetration has the potential to bring better control to the government with respect to their systems.
The paper strives to study the relationship between socio economic factors and mobile penetration in the Indian states. The data was collected from the reliable and reputable secondary sources, and the analysis was performed to find linkage between socio economic factors and mobile penetration in various Indian states. We performed panel data analysis to find the cross sectional effects and fixed effects of the socio economic factors on mobile penetration.